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In 1893 leaders and members within the congregations of the Hawaiian Evangelical Association (which later became the Hawai‘i Conference United Church of Christ) supported and actively participated in the illegal overthrow of Queen Lili‘uokalani. In 1993 the national body of the United Church of Christ offered an apology for the actions of those people. Later, in 1996, the Hawai‘i Conference offered a Redress.


On this page you will find a growing archive of the documents related to both the Apology and the Redress. Items will be added as they are identified and digitalized by the Hawai‘i Conference office.

 United Church of Christ 

"Why our church apologized to Hawai‘i"
Explanation for the Apology by the UCC national office​

Apology to Na Kanaka Maoli, 1993

By Dr. Paul Sherry (former UCC president) on the 100th anniversary of the overthrow

United Church of Christ Apology, 1993

A conversation with Dr. Paul Sherry (former UCC president) 

Resolution: Self-Governance of Native Hawaiians

From General Synod 18 in 1991; the adoption of this resolution led to the UCC Apology.


 New Conversations Publication 
UCC offers public apology: Volume 15, Number 1, Spring 1993

This issue contains an apology and its rationale offered by the leaders of the United Church of Christ to the native Hawaiian people.

Voices of Indigenous People: Volume 17, Number 3, Fall/Winter 1995

(Follow-up to​ the Spring 1993 issue) This issue includes responses by native Hawaiians, both those who are members of the UCC and those who are not.



 Around Hawai‘i - Conference & Beyond 

From the ‘Aha Pae‘āina

Initial Plan for Redress of Hawai‘i Conference UCC to Na Kanaka Maoli

From the 174th ‘Aha Pae‘āina in 1996

Apology from the Hawai‘i Conference United Church of Christ, 1993

From the 171st ‘Aha Pae‘āina in 1993

Recognizing the Right to Self Governance of Native Hawaiians

From the 168th ‘Aha Pae‘āina in 1990

Other documents on apology and redress

Apologies & Resolutions: After 100 Years - Hawaiian Sovereignty

August 1989 - May 1994, "A Justice For Kanaka Maoli Initiative" of the Hawai‘i Ecumenical Coalition

Minutes of the National Apology Follow-Up Task Force

August 1994, A Summary of the First Meeting of the National Apology Follow-Up Task Force of the United Church of Christ

Notes on Congregational Church Involvement in the Overthrow

By Ronald S. Fujiyoshi

Reflections & historical accounts preceding the Overthrow

What was the reaction of the Hawaiian churches? Were the missionaries and the HEA involved in the Overthrow?

Newspaper articles

"Church makes amends"

May 19, 1996 | "UCC gives gift of $1.25 million for role in overthrowing ruler"

"Hawaiians may receive land, money from church" 

May 18, 1996 | "The United Church of Christ in Hawaii may put its bank account where its mouth is..."

"UCC conference to vote on church apology package"

June 3, 1996 | "$4.5 million in grants and property is offered to native Hawaiians"

"Sins of colonial powers can be washed away"

September 3, 1993 | View Point by S.P. Udayakumar, political science lecturer at the University of Hawai‘i.

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