APOLOGY & REDRESS
In 1893 leaders and members within the congregations of the Hawaiian Evangelical Association (which later became the Hawai‘i Conference United Church of Christ) supported and actively participated in the illegal overthrow of Queen Lili‘uokalani. In 1993 the national body of the United Church of Christ offered an apology for the actions of those people. Later, in 1996, the Hawai‘i Conference offered a Redress.
On this page you will find a growing archive of the documents related to both the Apology and the Redress. Items will be added as they are identified and digitalized by the Hawai‘i Conference office.
United Church of Christ
"Why our church apologized to Hawai‘i"
Explanation for the Apology by the UCC national office
By Dr. Paul Sherry (former UCC president) on the 100th anniversary of the overthrow
A conversation with Dr. Paul Sherry (former UCC president)
From General Synod 18 in 1991; the adoption of this resolution led to the UCC Apology.
New Conversations Publication
UCC offers public apology: Volume 15, Number 1, Spring 1993
This issue contains an apology and its rationale offered by the leaders of the United Church of Christ to the native Hawaiian people.
(Follow-up to the Spring 1993 issue) This issue includes responses by native Hawaiians, both those who are members of the UCC and those who are not.
Around Hawai‘i - Conference & Beyond
From the ‘Aha Pae‘āina
From the 174th ‘Aha Pae‘āina in 1996
From the 171st ‘Aha Pae‘āina in 1993
From the 168th ‘Aha Pae‘āina in 1990
Other documents on apology and redress
August 1989 - May 1994, "A Justice For Kanaka Maoli Initiative" of the Hawai‘i Ecumenical Coalition
August 1994, A Summary of the First Meeting of the National Apology Follow-Up Task Force of the United Church of Christ
By Ronald S. Fujiyoshi
From Pū‘a Board of Directors, Re: A Proposal for Reconciliation
What was the reaction of the Hawaiian churches? Were the missionaries and the HEA involved in the Overthrow?
May 19, 1996 | "UCC gives gift of $1.25 million for role in overthrowing ruler"
May 18, 1996 | "The United Church of Christ in Hawaii may put its bank account where its mouth is..."